history of lanarkshire

Airdrie (/ ˈ ɛər d r i /; Scots: Airdrie; Scottish Gaelic: An t-Àrd Ruigh) is a town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland.It lies on a plateau roughly 400 ft (130 m) above sea level, and is approximately 12 miles (19 km) east of Glasgow city centre. Cambusnethan (#627) This is a guide to the history and major genealogical records of Scotland as they pertain to the parish of Cambusnethan. Test your knowledge of the geography of Great Britain by taking this quiz. Updates? Use this site to further your Lanarkshire research. Northern Part of Lanarkshire. More information on the site, its contents, and instructions for using it can be found in the ScotlandsPeople Wiki article. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Lanarkshire, Offcial Tourism Site of Lanarkshire, Scotland, United Kingdom. Unit 13, 32 Mansfield Street As of 2012, the town had a population of around 37,130. Independently of Glasgow, Lanarkshire seems not to have borne any great part in general history until the Industrial Revolution, but has been the scene of several exciting episodes. Kneeland is an archaic alternative name for the Cleland family surname. The county, also called Clyde… North LanarkshireScotland It lies on the great road from Edinburgh to Glasgow, and the hill from which it is named attains an … Lanarkshire Family History Society. High Road Scotland The county was the scene of several notable episodes in Scottish history. Other significant settlements include Coatbridge, East Kilbride, Motherwell, Airdrie, Blantyre, Cambuslang, Rutherglen, Wishaw, Bellshill and Carluke. Some of the Lanarkshire parish records are indexed in *Lanark, Scotland, Extracted Parish Records. The northern part was rich in mineral deposits, and numerous collieries and iron works were concentrated around Airdrie, Coatbridge, Hamilton, Motherwell and … EH1 2JL Many of Wallace's daring deeds were performed in the county. During the 17th and 18th centuries Glasgow prospered as a port by tapping the growing trade with the American colonies. Glasgow G11 5QP The Barony of Cleghorne : A.D. 1203, Lanarkshire, Scotland to the family of Claghorn, A.D. 1912, United States of America. £3.00 View … North Lanarkshire Archives collects and preserves the historical records of North Lanarkshire, covering the areas of Airdrie, Bellshill, Coatbridge, Cumbernauld, Kilsyth, Motherwell, Shotts, Stepps and Wishaw. With the discovery of large iron deposits in the 19th century, an iron and steel industry developed. Lanarkshire was rich in coal, with numerous early mines scattered over the county. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. MOTHERWELL Douglas is a village in South Lanarkshire, Scotland. Lanarkshire is an extensive inland county in the south of Scotland, bounded on the north by the counties of Dumbarton and Stirling, on the east by the counties of Linlithgow, Edinburgh and Peebles, on the south by Dumfriesshire, and on the west by the counties of Renfrew, Ayr and Dumfries. The official archive of the UK government. Development took off at an incredible rate in the 19th century and led to massive changes to the landscape and an explosion in the population. The inhabitants were ancient British tribes who lost their independence after their metropolis of Dumbarton was taken by the combined forces of the Picts and Saxons in the eighth century. 1840 Johnson, William, fl. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It encompasses all of the council areas of South Lanarkshire and the City of Glasgow, most of the council area of North Lanarkshire, and part of the council area of East Dunbartonshire. For more information on Scottish poorhouses, go to the Scotland Poorhouses, Poor Law, Etc page. If you are researching UK genealogy, your Scottish ancestry or building your Scottish family tree, they have more than 100 million records to look through. To learn more about how to use these records to search for your ancestors, go to the Scotland: Research Strategies. e-mail: members-lanarkshirefhs@hotmail.co.uk. Corrections? We're here to help people research their family history primarily in Lanarkshire's parishes, in addition we also hold information on other areas of Scotland. The surface rises towards the S., where the Lowther or Lead Hills reach an alt. to NW., and receives numerous tributary streams, including the Douglas, Avon, and Calder. The largest part of North Lanarkshire, in the south of the county, has its roots in the history county of Lanarkshire, which has existed since around the time of King David I, who ruled Scotland from 1124 to 1153. Here is a list of historic parishes for the county of Lanark with their parish numbers. The Lanarkshire Family History Society is located in Motherwell and is dedicated to researching the family history of the people of Lanarkshire and also holds information on others areas of Scotland 1.36 miles A record of the descendants of John Alexander, of Lanarkshire, Scotland, and his wife, Margaret Glasson. MONKLAND, NEW or EAST, a parish, in the Middle ward of the county of Lanark, 11 miles (E. by N.) from Glasgow containing the market-town of Airdrie, the late quoad sacra parish of Clarkston, and the villages of Arden, Ballochney, Greengairs, Riggend, and Wattstown. After the subjugation of the Picts by Kenneth II in about the year 971, the whole area came under the authority of the Scottish kings. The county, also called Clydesdale (or Strathclyde), from the valley of the river Clyde, was--after the departure of the Romans--part of an extensive independent kingdom which consisted of nearly all of Scotland south of the river Forth. The Workhouse: The story of an institution... North Lanarkshire, Scotland, Poor Law Applications and Registers, 1849-1917, Glasgow & West of Scotland Family History Society, RootsChat Lanarkshire Resources and help pages. Lanarkshire records. The name Douglas is of Gaelic origin, dhu-glas meaning black water. Omissions? The county includes the royal burghs of Glasgow, Rutherglen, and Lanark, and eight towns and numerous villages. ScotlandsPeople: An Important Online Source, Civil Registration or Statutory Registers, Ⓒ 2020 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. NOTE: Workhouses in Scotland were commonly known as poorhouses. Folk lore and genealogies of uppermost Nithsdale. History of Lanarkshire Local Dental Committee At the inception of the NHS in 1948, Lanarkshire Local Dental Committee was formally established by statute under the NHS (Scotland) Act 1947. 159. It became a royal burgh in 1548 but surrendered its title in 1670. The Scottish nationalist William Wallace attacked the garrison at Lanark in 1297. The town developed around a castle built by David I of Scotland (reigned 1124–53), who made The town, forming part of the extreme E of Glasgow, lies between Calton on the NW and Barrowfield on the SE; and takes its name from a bridge at its SE end, over the Clyde, on the road to Rutherglen. NB: These are all the names of all the administrative units which we have associated with Lanarkshire, and you must judge whether all or even any of them are variant names for the place. The northern parts of North Lanarkshire were in the historic counties of Dunbartonshire and Stirling… In the mid-18th century it was divided again into three wards: the upper, middle and lower wards with their administrative centres at Lanark, Hamilton and Glasgow, respectively, and remained this way until the Local Government Act of 1889. Extract from John Thomson's Atlas of Scotland 1832. Guide to Lanarkshire County ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records. Over time, Kneeland would eventually become Cleland (and Cleland used to be pronounced as Clee-land in the same way as Knee-land). The town took its name in 1445 from the Hamilton family, to whom it was given by Robert I (the Bruce) after the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314. Our vision is to lead and transform information management, guarantee the survival of today's information for tomorrow and bring history to life for everyone. Click on a parish name to see information about records. Though … Scotland For details on information found in statutory registers and other methods of searching them, see Scotland Statutory Registers. Lanarkshire was historically divided between two administrative areas. Southern Part. In 1596 Timothy Pont produced a map of Scotland, showing what is now Lanarkshire, with the places of Kneelandtou and Kneelandtounhead. Lanarkshire probably became an administrative region during the reign of David I (1124–53). It is about 52 miles in length and 33 miles in extreme breadth, comprising an area of 926 square miles or 592,640 acres. There were ten workhouses in this county: A description with drawings and photos of the workhouses today along with databases of those living there from the 1881 Census are provided on the links above located on the site entitled The Workhouse: The story of an institution... which is owned and operated by Peter Higginbotham. Around 1910 the actual amount of working collieries reached their peak with around 200 in the county. Contents. ML1 3HU To learn more about how to use these records to search for your ancestors, go to the Scotland: Research Strategies. The town is situated on a tract of elevated ground, about a mile from the confluence of the Avon with the Clyde. +44 (0) 141 339 8303, Scottish Genealogy Society The county was in the forefront of the struggle to improve the lot of the working classes. Lanark, royal burgh (town), South Lanarkshire council area, historic county of Lanarkshire, south-central Scotland, situated by the right bank of the River Clyde, southeast of the Glasgow metropolitan area. 904,412. Email enquiries@scotsgenealogy.com, Lanarkshire Family History Society Phone-0131 220 3677 The present paris… Several additional churches have been erected in the burgh of Airdri… Find out who will be speaking at the monthly GLO Centre Meetings in the News and Events page. Reproduced by permission of the National Library of Scotland If you are researching your family history, or interested in finding out more about the hospitals in Lanarkshire you can get in touch with North Lanarkshire Archives at HeritageCentre@culturenl.co.uk with any questions. Mary Queen of Scots met her fate at Langside in 1568. Then in “The upper ward of Lanarkshire described and delineated”, published in 1864, George Vere Irving writes that Carmichael House was then occupied not by the Carmichael-Anstruthers but by the factor of the estates, while the ornamental gardens were in a “sad state of dilapidation”. Cambusnethan. The exploitation of this caused the heavy industries to be concentrated within the county's boundaries, and so Lanarkshire became the "Black Country" of … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Edinburgh Lanarkshire. This website requires a paid subscription for full access. Lanarkshire is often called Clydesdale, occupying, as it does, the valley of the Clyde, which traverses the county from SE. Blantyre United Presbyterian Church Baptisms 1847 - 1855. Lanarkshire had developed rapidly since the mid-eighteenth century to become the most populous and economically important county in Scotland. The area has been settled since prehistoric times. Lanarkshire probably became an administrative region during the reign of David I (1124–53). The Family History Library has county-wide census placename indexes for Lanarkshire for 1881. East Kilbride Central Library holds the reference collections and some archival materials representing some of the history of both East Kilbride new town and the earlier village, whilst South Lanarkshire Archives based as College Milton holds more extensive original documents for public consultation. The comprehensive choice of Scottish records includes: For more detail on record availability, see Guides. Indexes may be searched for free, and there is a pay per view fee to see the digitized record. Explore England, Scotland, and Wales Quiz. Cadzow Castle, 2 miles (3 km) southeast, was a royal residence from the 10th century. Bellshill, Lanarkshire Historical Description. ScotlandsPeople is one of the largest online sources of original genealogical information. This place appears to have been distinguished at a very early period, as a royal residence, under the appellation of Cadzow, of which name, however, the origin and signification are now unknown. 265. Lanarkshire. The population of the county in 1851 was 426,972.[1][2]. It is about 52 miles in length and 33 miles in extreme breadth, comprising an area of 926 square miles or 592,640 acres. The Scottish nationalist William Wallace attacked the garrison at Lanark in 1297. A service provided by, Scotland Church Records and Kirk Session Records, 1658-1919, Scotland, Lanarkshire Death & Burial Index 1642-1855, Scotland Presbyterian & Protestant Church Records, 1736-1990, National Library of Scotland map collection, Cambusnethan, Mothwerwell, Omoa Combination. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Bothwell (Parish #625) This is a guide to the history and major genealogical records of Scotland as they pertain to the parish of Bothwell. For the content guide to what records are on the site, see Guides A-Z. from Dublin, 213 (N. W. by N.) from M… HAMILTON, a parish, burgh, and market-town, in the Middle ward of the county of Lanark, including the village of Fernigair, 11 miles (S. E. by E.) from Glasgow, and 38 (W. S. W.) from Edinburgh. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. (Free), https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/216925, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/topographical-dict/scotland/pp137-157, https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Lanarkshire,_Scotland_Genealogy&oldid=4064358, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is bounded to the south by the historic county of Dumfriesshire, to the east by Peeblesshire, Midlothian, and West Lothian, to the north by Stirlingshire and Dunbartonshire, and to the west by Renfrewshire and Ayrshire. 1806-1840 The county was the scene of several notable episodes in Scottish history. Rapid industrial development, based mainly on textile manufacture, began in Lanarkshire in the middle of the 18th century. BELLSHILL, a village, in the parish of Bothwell, Middle ward of the county of Lanark, 1½ mile (E.) from Bothwell; containing 1013 inhabitants. It subsequently became a major shipbuilding centre. GLASGOW, a city, the seat of a university, and a sea-port, having separate jurisdiction, locally in the Lower ward of the county of Lanark, and situated in longitude 4° 15' 51" (W.), and latitude 55° 52' 10" (N.), 23 miles (E. by S.) from Greenock, 29 (S. W. by S.) from Stirling, 34 (N.E.by N.) from Ayr, 43 (W. by S.) from Edinburgh, 79 (N. N. W.) from Dumfries, 144 (S. w.) from Aberdeen, 196 (N.N.E.) Scotland 218. In 1568 Mary, Queen of Scots, and her supporters were defeated in the Battle of Langside (located in Lanarkshire); this defeat led to her flight to England and imprisonment. Between the wars mining started to decline and miners had to travel to work, or be re-housed near the pits Lanarkshire, also called Lanark, historic county of south-central Scotland, roughly coinciding with the basin of the River Clyde. Some indexes cover one parish (and will be listed in the Wiki on the parish page) and some indexes are for the county as a whole. This page was last edited on 12 August 2020, at 08:02. The Royal Burgh of Lanark is steeped in tradition. Lanarkshire is an extensive inland county in the south of Scotland, bounded on the north by the counties of Dumbarton and Stirling, on the east by the counties of Linlithgow, Edinburgh and Peebles, on the south by Dumfriesshire, and on the west by the counties of Renfrew, Ayr and Dumfries. Bridgeton, a suburban town and a quoad sacra parish in Calton parish, Lanarkshire. North Lanarkshire Archives, situated in … The following parishes have their own pages: The Battles of Drumclog and Bothwell Bridge (both in 1679), between the Covenanters and government forces, also took place in the county. It has been an important market town in Scotland since medieval times when King David I granted Lanark Royal Burgh status in 1140 and the town is proud of its rich heritage. Wishaw, a town in Cambusnethan and Dalziel parishes, Lanarkshire, constituted a police burgh in 1855, and extended in 1874 so as to comprise Wishaw proper, Cambusnethan village, and Craigneuk village. The town transformed from an obscure group of 18th century Lanarkshire hamlets strung out on the road between Glasgow and Airdrie to a world leading centre of iron production in the 19th century. Visit the archives to research your family history, the history of your house or your local area. The decline of Lanarkshire’s textile manufacture and traditional heavy industries during the late 20th century brought a period of difficult economic adjustment. 15 Victoria Terrace Click here for other census indexes available at the library. Thomson, John, 1777- ca. Nature endowed the County of Lanark with a bountiful measure of mineral wealth. Lanarkshire consists of 50 parishes and, for civil purposes, is divided into the Upper, Middle and Lower wards, each under a sub-sheriff based at Lanark, Hamilton, and Glasgow. The county was based around the town of Lanark, now in South Lanarkshire, which had been the site of the first Parliament of Scotland under Kenneth II in 978, and was granted burgh status by David in 1140. Tel. The site contains information on miners’ lives and on some of the mining towns and villages in Lanarkshire, Fife and other areas of Scotland – compiled from old reports, gazetteers and newspaper articles.

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